Section 4154. Fence Materials
A. Materials covered by this section include woven wire farm field and deer fence fabric, chain link fabric, barbed wire, steel fence posts, wood fence posts, tie and brace wire, gates, and special fittings.
C. Inspection and acceptance of fence materials will be according to Materials I.M. 454.10.
1. Type Z, Class 3.
2. Design numbers 1047-6-11 or 939-6-11 for grade 60 wire or design numbers 1047-6-12 1/2 or 939-6-12 1/2 for grade 125 wire.
3. Use galvanized (as determined by visual inspection) steel rod for splicing fence material.
1. 12.5 gauge wire according to ASTM A 116 (excluding wire spacing and fence height).
2. Wires are spaced horizontally and vertically as shown in the contract documents.
1. Zinc coated fabric meeting requirements of ASTM A 392, Class 2 (2.0 ounces per square foot) or AASHTO M 181 Type I, Class D.
2. Aluminum coated fabric meeting the requirements of ASTM A 491 or AASHTO M 181, Type II.
3. PVC coated fabric meeting requirements of ASTM F 668, Class 2b or AASHTO M 181, Type IV, Class B Fused.
1. 9 gauge coated wire with a breaking strength of 1290 pounds.
2. Height of fabric of 72 inches.
3. Selvage knuckled at both the top and bottom.
4. Mesh size 2 ± 1/8 inches.
Unless otherwise specified in contract documents, use barbed wire conforming to ASTM A 121 or AASHTO M 280, Design Number 12-4-5-14R, Type Z Class 3.
1. ASTM A 824 or A 817, Type II, Class 3.
2. ASTM A 824 or A 817, Type I.
3. ASTM F 1664, PVC (Vinyl) Coated, Class 2b.
B. Brace and tie wire shall meet the requirements of ASTM F 626 zinc coated or aluminum coated.
1. Where specified, round metallic-coated tie wires, clips, and hog rings shall be polymer coated to match the color of the chain-link fabric as selected from ASTM F 934
2. The coating process and metallic-coated core wire materials shall be in accordance with ASTM F 668.
Table 4154.05-1: Wire Sizes
Tie wires or clips for fastening field fence to steel posts
Use tie wires for chain link fence no smaller than No. 9 diameter for post ties or No. 12 diameter for rail and brace ties. Equivalent steel clips or aluminum wires or clips may be used if the Engineer approves.
A. Unless otherwise specified in the contract documents, use fence staples conforming to ASTM F 1667 - 13, Table 57: F 1667 ST FN - 06 Z.
B. Obtain Engineer’s approval for the staples to be used.
A. Use pine posts of the size and length designated in the contract documents that meet the requirements of Section 4164 with pressure preservative treatment meeting the requirements of Section 4161.
Table 4154.07-1: Post Sizes and Lengths
Line posts, 4 inch top
End, corner, gate, pull, angle, and brace posts, 6 inch top
1. 2 3/8 inch ASTM F 1043 steel pipe.
2. 5 inch diameter wood posts.
E. Completely paint the finished post with a prime coat with no limitation on color or tip identification except as provided for 1000 foot installations. Ensure the paint is thoroughly dry before posts are bundled for shipment.
1. AASHTO M 181 Grade 1 or ASTM F 1083 Schedule 40.
2. AASHTO M 181 Grade 2 or ASTM F 1043, Group IC. Group IC galvanized before forming product shall be minimum G-210 (ASTM A 653).
1. Attach braces to posts using fittings which will hold both the post and brace rigidly.
2. Use diagonal truss rods of 3/8 inch diameter, round steel rods with an appropriate commercial means for tightening.
3. Furnish a locknut or other device to hold the tightening device in place.
4. Furnish a suitable sleeve or coupling device, recommended by the manufacturer, to connect sections of top rail and to provide for expansion and contraction.
5. Use stretcher bars no less than 3/8 inch diameter, or equivalent cross section area, with suitable clamps for attaching fabric to corner, end, or gate posts.
1. Ensure gates provide the width of opening shown in the contract documents. Install a vertical stay in gates more than 6 feet wide. Where the width of opening specified is:
· 16 feet or less, provide a single gate frame.
· More than 16 feet, provide two gate frames using a drop bar locking device allowing operation as a double gate.
2. Ensure each gate is furnished complete with necessary hinges, latch, and other special fittings recommended for the type of gate and gate post being installed.
3. For chain link fence gates, use the pipe size shown in the contract documents or approved by the Engineer. When size is not shown in the contract documents, use:
· 1 1/2 inch nominal diameter pipe for gates 6 feet wide or more, and
· 1 1/4 inch nominal diameter pipe for gates less than 6 feet wide.
4. Use gate fabric similar to that used for the
fence. Attach using stretcher bars.
5. Use adjustable rods to cross truss gates 6 feet wide or more.
6. Ensure materials are galvanized with no less than 0.8 ounce per square foot of surface. Gates for field fence may be painted with a prime coat and an enamel finish coat.
Furnish the following, galvanized according to Article 4154.10:
1. Tines molded in one piece of steel with no welds.
2. Structural steel tubes with wall thickness of 0.1875 inches and unit weight of 4.32 pounds per foot.
3. Support plates, hinges, and top braces.