The Iowa Department of Transportation values accessibility of our transportation system for all customers. This includes the need to have sidewalks and driveways next to state highways accessible to people with disabilities. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) requires each public entity to plan and construct sidewalks that are accessible.
As part of the ADA mandate, any government group that has responsibility for sidewalks must plan for and update pedestrian access or risk the loss of federal funding. The Iowa DOT shares responsibility with the cities for state highways that run through those cities. The agency has developed plans to help smaller communities of fewer than 5,000 residents that may not have the resources to meet the federal requirements on their own. Larger communities have a better opportunity to fund similar projects that will be addressed in the city's plan.