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Chapter Four: Design Guidelines

Table of Contents

Section 1 - Introduction

  • Purpose/Intent
  • Goals
  • Users of the Design Guidelines
  • Resources

Section 2 - Trail Location and Placement Guidelines

  • Sensitivity to Natural and Cultural Resources
  • Trails within Floodways
  • Scenic, Cultural, and Recreational Value
  • Adjacent Farmland
  • Adjacent Commercial/Residential/Industrial Land
  • Railroad Corridors
  • Road Rights-of-Way
  • Utility Corridors

Section 3 - Trail Design Guidelines: Use Modes

  • Hiking/Walking Trails
  • Pedestrian Trails
  • Sidewalks
  • Bicycle Trails
  • In-Line Skating Trails
  • On-Road Bicycle Facilities
  • Mountain Bike Trails
  • Equestrian Trails
  • Snowmobile Trails
  • Off-Highway Vehicle Trails (3- and 4-wheeled)
  • Motorcycle Trails

Section 4 - Trail Design Guidelines: Multi-Use Corridors

  • Single-Treadway Corridors
  • Dual-Treadway Corridors

Section 5 - Design Guidelines for Crossings

At-Grade Crossings

  • Crossing Layout
  • Sight Lines
  • Signage, Striping, and Signals
  • Roadway Crossings
  • On-Road Bicycle Facilities at Intersections
  • Railroad Crossings
  • Agricultural Crossings
  • Crossings of Other Trails

Grade-Separated Crossings

  • Roadway Underpasses
  • Agricultural Underpasses
  • Roadway Overpasses
  • Bridges over Watercourses and Other Independent Trail Bridges
  • Wetland Boardwalks

Section 6 - Support Services

  • Trailheads and Access Points
  • Rest Areas
  • Interpretive Facilities
  • Signage
  • Designation of Canoe Routes