REINFORCING STEEL SUPPORTS

 


GENERAL

Supports for reinforcing steel in Section 2404.03, E, 2 come in various sizes and types. These types have specific names such as slab bolsters, high chairs or continuous high chairs. The supports are used to hold reinforcing steel in place while concrete is being placed. They are typically made of small diameter steel rods, steel wire, or various shapes of molded plastic.

 

Table 1 identifies the various configurations of steel wire supports available. Table 2 lists the minimum sizes of steel wire required for the supports. Approval is based on meeting the minimum wire diameter sizes listed in Table 2.

 

Approved sources and brands of plastic supports can be found in the Materials Approved Products Listing Enterprise (MAPLE).

 

APPROVAL PROCESS

A manufacturer of plastic supports, wishing to obtain approval shall submit the following to the Office of Construction and Materials in Ames, Iowa:

 

1.     A request shall be submitted to Central Construction and Materials Office in Ames, Iowa detailing the location of the manufacturing plant.

 

2.     Technical Product Information

 

3. Samples:

For individual chairs - 5 pieces

For continuous support - 10 feet

 

Upon satisfactory review of this application, the source will be placed on the approved list in Appendix A.

 

TESTING PROCEDURE

The testing procedure involves determining a point load limit for all supports and also a linear load limit for continuous devices.

 

The point load limit is determined by placing a #4 reinforcing bar on the support. The support is then placed on a 3/4 inch piece of fir plywood. A load is applied to the bar at a rate of 0.5 inch deflection per minute until the support fails. Point loads are determined at the weakest point on continuous supports.

 

The linear load limit is determined by placing a 1 foot plate on top of the continuous support. The support is again placed on a 3/4 inch piece of fir plywood and loaded at 0.5 inch deflection per minute until the support fails.

 

The supports fail in one of three principle ways:

 

1. Breaking

2. Excessive bending or deformation - more than 1/2 inch

3. Excessive gouging into the plywood - more than 0.1 inch

 

ACCEPTANCE

Steel supports will be accepted based on meeting the minimum wire diameter based on the type and size as listed in the link below. There is not an approved suppliers list for steel supports.

 

http://www.concreteconstruction.net/Images/Reinforcing%20Bar%20Supports_tcm45-346931.pdf

 

Plastic supports will be accepted based on approved brands as noted in Appendix A.

 

TABLE 1 METRIC - TYPICAL TYPE & SIZES OF WIRE BAR SUPPORTS

 

 

TABLE 2 METRIC MINIMUM WIRE SIZES

 

45101P4

 

Gauge

Decimal Equivalent (mm)

 

 

0

7.78

1

7.19

2

6.67

3

6.19

4

5.72

5

5.26

6

4.88

7

4.49

8

4.11

9

3.77


TABLE 1 ENGLISH TYPICAL TYPE & SIZES OF WIRE BAR SUPPORTS

 


TABLE 2 ENGLISH - MINIMUM WIRE SIZES

 

 

Gauge

Decimal Equivalent (Inches)

 

 

0

.3065

1

.2830

2

.2625

3

.2437

4

.2253

5

.2070

6

.1920

7

.1770

8

.1620

9

.1483